GeneMusiK rides Again! <scroll to the end of this page for new stuff>
The GeneMusiK project had its origins in 2003 during a three month Artist in Residence hosted by the SymbioticA lab at the University of Western Australia. At that time I worked in the Department of Agricultural Sciences with Dr Gary Cass on the conceptual and biological framework of a system that would allow music to be encoded into DNA sequences. This genetic material would subsequently be re-mixed within the plasmid DNA of bacteria and eventually be re-sequenced as altered DNA sequences that would represent equally altered musical notation.
Doctors Albertyn and Helyer making bug music.
The intricacies of micro-biology aside, these early experiments promised interesting results but ultimately the project ran out of time and money and was put on ice – quite literally at minus eighty degrees Celcius!
A fistfull of Dollars-Microbiology is an expensive hobby!
An image from the original GeneMusiK research.
Mindmap workflow for GeneMusiK.
However during the subsequent years often thought to pick up the traces again, as the concept of drawing together the mnemonic structures of DNA, musical notation and other cultural memes was intriguing.
In 2013 I was invited to develop the GeneMusiK project for a second Artist in Residence at the University of the Free State in Bloemfontein, South Africa, with a view to experimenting with the process and establishing working relationships within the University and within the wider community.
Test file DNA map.
Jafta the San community secretary and Master Jashaela.
The long term aim being to produce a performative work for the Vryfees festival in the following year 2015.
The young Master turns an ear to the proceedings.
The current experimentation with GeneMusiK ~ takes a fresh look at the original proof of concept project developed in 2003.
Field recording of Master Jashaela.
The metaphors of Genes, Memes and Dots as mnemonic structures capable of evolution and embodiment prompt GeneMusiK to create a re-mix of cultural, social and biological pathways, by hybridising local african music with the epitome of the western musical tradition (the string Quartet) via the transformations of musical and genetic codes within Bacterial cultures.
Platfontein – arid is not the word!
The project operates between the MicroBiology Labs and the Odeion School of Music and with an outreach to the musical culture of the San community who live in a re-settlement camp some two hour drive to the west, near Kimberly in the Northern Cape.
Platfontein resettlement San community.
The residency has allowed me to ‘road-test’ the various components that together form the complex chain of transformations that take audio field recordings (in this case of San musicians) via musical notation, into DNA and then into Bacterial to be extracted and ultimately rendered as scores for musical performance.
Master playing his new keyboard.
Due to the relatively short duration of the AIR (six weeks) I have chosen to run the various stages of the overall process in parallel, developing methodologies and forming working relationships simultaneously.
Pitch analysis using Sonic Visualiser.
For the first full cycle I selected a unique early transcription of San music discovered in an explorers publication from 1810.
1810 illustration of a San bushman playing the mouth bow.
W.J. Burchell was a polymath, scientist, botanist, musician and intrepid traveller and it was in his Travels into Southern Africa that I came upon an illustration of a seated San bushman playing a mouth bow, accompanied by a musical transcription (Burchell played the violin). See a three page extract from his book at the end of this page, describing the bushman musician and instrument.
Using this simple score as a source a DNA sequence was generated and the action of restriction enzymes used to fragment the DNA code. The re-assembled fragments generate a different sequence and this was used to create a parallel musical score.
The first two pages of the DNA score hybridised with the 1810 transcription.
In the final stage the two scores are merged into a composition and given to the Odeion String Quartet to play. The initial result, a complex and challenging work, certainly not easy listening!
First play through of a difficult DNA score!
The full San Gorah score here.SanGorahtriosignatureOSQ – Full Score
Members of the Odeion String Quartet rehearse a test score.
Text from Burchell.
GeneMusiK rides Again! and now Again!
In 2016 I was invited by Dr. Luis Graca the director of the Immunology Laboratory of the Instituto de Medicina Molecular in Lisboa, Portugal to attempt a new version of GeneMusik.
Dorothy with Toto.
Working with scientists in the laboratory we converted the simple score of “Somewhere over the Rainbow” (as featured in the Wizard of Oz). Our first attempts to design a functioning conversion table, capable of converting individual notes to DNA codons, failed as the lab found the DNA clotted (due to the highly repetitive structure of the score). I then decided to work at the level of the bar and use the spare codons to designate musical performance instructions.
Here is the bar structure coded as a DNA sequence which was synthesised and inserted into the plasmid DNA of E.Coli bacteria.
CAC ATT ATC ATA CTT GAA CTC CTA CTG TTA
TTG GTT GTC GTA GAT GTG TTT TTC AAT ATG
TGT TGC GCT AAG GCC GAA GCA GCG GGT AAA
GGC GGG GGA CCT AAA CCC GAC CCA CCG
ACT AAT AAG ACC GAT ACA ACG TCT AAT AAG
TCC AAG TCA TCG AGT AGC AAA AAT TAT GAA
TAC AAG TGG CAC AAT CAA CAT CAG
And here are the spare Codons employed
for musical performance instructions.
Start Glissando_AAT Asparagine
mp_GAA Glutamic acid
m_GAG Glutamic acid
mf_GAT Aspartic acid
f_GAC Aspartic acid
Repeat next bar x1_CGT Arginine
Repeat next bar x2_AAC Asparagine
Reverse next bar_CGC Arginine
Inverse next bar_CGA Arginine
Octave up next bar_CGG Arginine
Octave down next bar_AGA Arginine
Metre change up next bar_AGG Arginine
Metre change down next bar_TGA Stop Codon
Polyphony next four bars_TAG Stop Codon
Some time later after growing up the bacterial soup and then subjecting it to various mutational situations we were able to harvest some fifty blocks of DNA – with some being transcribed back into scores and subsequently performed by a singer with piano accompaniment.
A sample score page.
And two of the early performances (a tough gig as they say).
- Sonus Maris
- The Oratorio for a Million Souls
- Two Islands
- The Deluge Ark(ive)
- A Dissimulation of Birds
- The Biological Mixer
- Heavy Metal
- CultCult – audio illumination from the Ocean
- BioLogging Retrofit
- BioPods_V2 The Nebuchadnezzar Suite
- Eine Kleine GeneMusiK
- Songs from the UnderWorld_v3
- Architecture for Bees; Bees for Architecture
- Breathless; Take a Deep Breath
- Public Art concepts
- Ars Memoriae Mexicana
- Float like a Butterfly; Sting like a Bee
- Supereste ut Pugnatis (Pugnatis) ut Supereste
- Songs from the UnderWorld_V2
- WYSSA – All my love darling
- Songs from the UnderWorld
- Milk and Honey
- Weeping Willow
- Bio_Logging and Under the IceCap
- New Host_V6
- Law of the Tongue
- New York Drawings
- Zephyr II
- Run Silent Run Deep
- Sculpture in the Vineyards
- WA Marine Facility ~ Ondes
- Quint de Loup II
- The Wireless House
- Talking Stick
- Syren for Port Jackson
- Factory Spirit.
- What Survives
- KellerRadioActive at IASKA
- Magnus Opus
- Preaching to the Converter
- Virtual Spirit
- AudioNomad + Syren
- An Unrequited Place
- Voyages from Eden to Utopia; Hercules
- The Transit of Venus
- A Symphony for Other Cultures
- The Lament
- Sonic Landscapes
- Siren Song
- Ship to Shore
- Re-Entry Vehicle; Natural Science in the Spirit World
- Naughty Apartment
- Mute in TalkTown; the sweet warm breath of science
- La Zona del Silencio
- Everything’s Nice with American Rice
- Silent Forest
- Dual-Nature (Ebb and Flow).
- Die Melodie der Welt; Bringing Home the Bacon
- Sample Content Of Radio Works as MP3
- Big Bell Beta
- Din: Ding, Dang, Dong
- GeneMusik – Sounds for Lower Life Forms